SHRC REGISTRATION ACTIONS--April 22, 2014
The SHRC considered the following nominations at their regularly scheduled hearing on April 22, 2014. They recommended the State Historic Preservation Officer forward six National Register nominations to the Keeper of the National Register for listing. They also approved updates to five existing California Historical Landmarks and one new California Historical Landmark.
National Register of Historic Places Nominations
Century 21 Theater in San Jose, Santa Clara County is an early and notable example of a Cinerama-type theater designed by noted Bay Area architect Vincent G. Raney. The Century 21 Theater embodies the distinctive characteristics of the mid-century modernist style and suburban roadside architecture popular during the 1960s. This modernist landmark in San Jose is one of the best surviving examples of the freestanding dome type theater remaining in California.
Arthur and Kathleen Connell House, Pebble Beach, Monterey County. Completed in 1958, the Connell House is an excellent example of the International Style within the Modern Movement in Pebble Beach, and representative of master architect Richard Neutra’s mid-century residential work. The house exemplifies the rational design approach associated with Modern architecture, with thoughtful delineations between public and private areas that do not compromise its open, flowing spatial quality.
Fort Ord Station Veterinary Hospital in Monterey County was one of the last built medical facilities for mounted, horse-drawn, and mule-packing units of the U.S. Army, and the only known complete hospital surviving. When ground broke on Fort Ord construction in 1940, the horse-drawn 76th field artillery battalion was the first unit assigned and stables and a veterinary hospital were among the first buildings erected. The transition to mechanized was felt abruptly at Fort Ord, where the interval between major new horse construction and the active military use of horses was measured in months.
Mission Nuestra Senora de la Soledad in Soledad, Monterey County. Thirteenth of twenty-one Catholic missions established in California by the Franciscan order between 1769 and 1823, Mission Soledad is significant in the areas of Exploration/Settlement, Hispanic and Native American Ethnic Heritage, Religion, Architecture, and Archaeology. Two of the buildings were reconstructed in the mid-twentieth century, and much of the rest of the district is in ruins, with potential to yield important information about the Franciscans, the mission system, and the Native people who lived and worked there.
Pond Farm Pottery Historic District, near Guerneville, Sonoma County. During the first half of the twentieth century, European immigrant ceramists such as Marguerite Wildenhain introduced new arts and crafts skills, methods, and philosophies across the country. Her school, Pond Farm Pottery in Sonoma County near Guerneville, is eligible at the national level of significance for its association with the development of the Studio Pottery Movement, the emergence of ceramics as an important art form, and the internationally significant contributions of Wildenhain.
Villa Carlotta in Altadena, Los Angeles County, is a two-story single-family house constructed in 1918 as a summer residence for Francis R. Welles and his family, designed by renowned architect Myron Hunt.
California Historical Landmarks Nominations
Custom House (Update) Monterey, Monterey County. On winning its independence from Spain in 1821, Mexico repealed the Spanish laws forbidding foreign trade and the California hide and tallow trade soon developed with New England. The Mexican Government erected the Custom House at Monterey, then the capital of Mexican California, in 1827, and until 1845, this was the only custom house north of Mexico. It was here on July 7, 1846 Commodore John D. Sloat, commander of the U.S. Pacific squadron, first raised the American flag and officially proclaimed California to be a part of the United States.
Castro-Breen Adobe (Update) The adobe is associated with Jose Castro, Commandant General of Northern California, who built this house facing the plaza for the residential use of his secretary and for administrative use by himself. In 1848, the house was purchased with California gold by the Breens, a prominent pioneer family known for their survival of a severe winter season that stranded them and the rest of the Donner Party in the California Sierras during the winter months of 1846.
Camillo Ynitia Adobe (Update) Reportedly built as a one room adobe in 1776 with the assistance of Lieutenant Bodega’s survey party under the King of Spain, further research indicates a more likely two part construction beginning in 1834. The updated nomination renames the landmark the Camilo Ynitia Adobe in recognition of the only U.S. land grant owned and maintained by a Native American in Alta California.
Hugo Reid Adobe (Update) This update of California Historical Landmark documents Lucky Baldwin’s long and direct association with the historic adobe and incorporates more current historic research and writing standards for the historic property. By conforming to existing criteria California Historical Landmark # 368 will meet the requirements of Public Resources Code 5031 and California Code of Regulations 4851.
Plaza Hotel (Update) Following use as a dormitory, barracks, then private residence, the original 1792 one-story adobe was expanded with a timber second story and turned into a hotel in the late 1850s. It became the headquarters for the overland stage, and a favorite stopping place for fiesta guests, traders, and travelers.
Sierra Railway Shops in Jamestown, Tuolumne County, is the last surviving short-line steam railroad shops and turntable in California, and the most significant "movie railroad" in the state. The Shops first began operation in 1897 and were the Sierra Railroad's main shops until 1955. The Shops include the turntable and roundhouse, freight depot, ancillary shops buildings, motive power and rolling stock associated with the Shops and the railroad.
SHRC REGISTRATION ACTIONS--February 8, 2014
The SHRC considered the following nominations at their regularly scheduled hearing on February 8, 2014. They recommended the State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO) forward five National Register nominations to the Keeper of the National Register for listing. They also approved two new California Historical Landmarks.
National Register of Historic Places Nominations
New Helvetia Historic District. Submitted under cover of the National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Submission Public Housing in the United States, 1933-1949, New Helvetia represents an important local attempt to improve the housing conditions of African Americans and is associated with the career of Nathaniel Colley, the first African American attorney in Sacramento, who had a significant role in the effort to implement fair housing practices. The buildings were designed by a coalition of Sacramento’s Master architects – Charles Dean, Leonard Starks, Ed Flanders, and Harry Devine, Sr. – the only project on which they collaborated.
Pilarcitos Creek Bridge is a two-lane concrete bridge located in Half Moon Bay, San Mateo County. Built in 1900, it is an extraordinarily early example of prestressed concrete bridge construction, which did not come into general use until decades later. The cables used to construct the bridge are Hallidie wire rope originally manufactured to pull cable cars in San Francisco.
Peterson, Robert O.-Russell Forester Residence in San Diego, San Diego County, was constructed between 1964-1965. The residence is a highly acclaimed example of the Modernist design of master architect Russell Forester, a pioneer of San Diego modernist architecture.
Tassajara One Room School is a one-room schoolhouse in Danville, Contra Costa County. Built in 1889, the schoolhouse was the primary school for the Tassajara Valley until 1946, and also served as a community center for residents of all ages.
Union Iron Works Historic District. This 65 acre maritime industrial district at Potrero Point in San Francisco is significant at the national level for its association with the development of steel shipbuilding in the United States 1884 to 1945: for pioneering technological developments and the production of significant wartime vessels. The district is also eligible at the local level as a physical record of the trends in industrial architecture from the late nineteenth century through World War II.
California Historical Landmark Nominations
Asilomar State Beach and Conference Grounds, Pacific Grove, Monterey County. Located on the Monterey Peninsula in the city of Pacific Grove, Asilomar had its start in 1913 as a young women’s summer camp and conference facility - an outgrowth of the inspired vision of the resourceful, socially-concerned and committed women of the YWCA. The historic buildings were designed and built by renowned California architect Julia Morgan between 1913 and 1928. Asilomar has been owned and operated by State Parks since 1956.
Mountain Quarries Railroad Bridge spans the American River on the boundary between Placer and El Dorado Counties. Built in 1912, it was a very early example of reinforced concrete railroad bridge construction. The bridge was designed by John B. Leonard, a pioneer in the design, engineering and promotion of reinforced concrete construction. From 1912 until 1942, the Mountain Quarries Railroad operated trains over the bridge, carrying loads of sandstone from the nearby quarry to Auburn, California where MQRR met the Southern Pacific Railroad.