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Historic Properties Identification Form Images

The Historic Properties Identification Form for the Preserve Latino History initiative has images of four of the many places in California associated with the history of Latinos in our state in the twentieth century. To find out more about these places, see below.

Chicano Park, San Diego

Chicano Park Mural
Chicano Park is a 7.4 acre park located in San Diego’s Barrio Logan neighborhood, beneath the east-west approach ramps of the San Diego-Coronado Bay Bridge. The park is based around an assemblage of murals painted on the support pillars, abutments and ramps beneath the approach bridges. Chicano Park was established in 1970 as a public park, featuring murals that commemorate the park’s creation, the history of the community, and iconography of the Chicano Movement. Chicano Park is important because of its association with the April 22, 1970 takeover of the area by members of the Barrio Logan community, in response to news that a California Highway Patrol substation was under construction on the site, previously identified as a location for a proposed neighborhood park. This community action resulted in a change in planned use by the City of San Diego, establishing Chicano Park as a city park, and as a city historic site in 1980. The property is also significant as an assemblage of masterworks of Chicano Movement muralism. Artists from throughout the western United States came to Chicano Park to create murals, including many recognized as the greatest masters of Chicano Movement artwork, alongside the works of students and local community groups. For more information, visit http://chicanoparksandiego.com/.

National Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe, Sacramento

Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Church
In September 1965 Cesar Chavez called a meeting of the National Farm Workers Association (predecessor of the United Farm Workers) at Our Lady of Guadalupe Church in Delano, just north of Bakersfield. The union unanimously voted to join Filipino grape pickers in a strike (huelga). When strikers were intentionally sprayed with pesticides by angry growers, Chavez organized a protest march from Delano to Sacramento. The pilgrimage (peregrinacion) took place in March and April 1966. With the Vigin of Guadalupe banner leading the way, the march started small but grew very large along the 340-mile route, garnering national headlines. After arriving in Sacramento on Easter Sunday, the marchers met in the Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Church in Sacramento. (Excerpted from http://www.library.sfsu.edu/exhibits/cultivating/default.html.)

Mission Cultural Center for Latino Arts, San Francisco

Mission Cultural Center for Latino Arts
MCCLA’S main objective is to present the best representative sample of contemporary and ancient artistic traditions of Latin America and to develop in the community a high degree of sensitivity and understanding of Latin American culture. To this end, throughout its 25-year history the MCCLA has sponsored a series of local, national, and international activities and programs that helped establish it as the largest Latino cultural center in the continental United States. Many of the original projects and programs have been replicated in other parts of the United States. The history of MCCLA is directly linked to a concept that embodies the pre-Cortezan belief that culture is not something that is static but rather is linked to an ever-changing future that is reflected by contemporary actions and activities. (Excerpted from http://missionculturalcenter.org/MCCLA_New/about_us.html.) For more information, visit http://missionculturalcenter.org/.

Teatro Azteca, Fresno

Teatro Azteca
The Azteca Theater (Teatro Azteca) is an historic Art Deco theater in the Chinatown district of Fresno, California, built by Gustavo Acosta in 1948. The theater was the first Spanish language cinema in the San Joaquin Valley, serving a growing population of Mexican-Americans in California's Central Valley. In 1956 Acosta leased the Azteca Theater to Arturo Tirado who was closely associated with the theater and entertainment in the Hispanic community into the 1980s when he retired. During what was known as the Golden Age of Mexican Cinema, entertainers such as Pedro Infante, María Félix, Agustín Lara, Pedro Vargas, Miguel Aceves Mejía, Pedro Armendáriz, Antonio Aguilar and José Alfredo Jiménez were among the luminaries seen at the Azteca Theater. Besides popular films from the Mexican Cinema, singers and theatrical acts frequented the stage. The theater was a rallying point for César Chávez when he made his march from Delano to Sacramento. (Excerpted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azteca_Theater_(California).) For more information about Arturo Tirado and the Teatro Azteca, visit http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Arturo+Tirado+and+the+Teatro+Azteca%3a+Mexican+popular+culture+in+the...-a0151394820.